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Homepage Home > Professional Development > Workshops & Summer Institutes > English > Pre-AP: Strategies in English—The Five-S Strategy for Passage Analysis

Pre-AP: Strategies in English—The Five-S Strategy for Passage Analysis

Expand your English teaching skills, techniques and knowledge in this workshop

The workshop presents an easily adaptable approach to literary analysis. It focuses on identifying speaker, situation, key sentences, shifts, and syntax, which students can use to examine poetry or prose passages. Teachers learn how to present to students an orderly, nonreductive method for approaching a complex text. They also learn prewriting strategies that help students complete timed writing assignments like those found on AP English exams.

The workshop conforms to the College Board's mission, particularly in promoting access and equity; National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) standards; and to AP English Literature and AP English Language standards and skills.


  • Understand AP standards in English and the role of Pre-AP in developing them
  • Learn what students need for AP English
  • Gain appreciation of issues and strategies critical to AP Vertical Teams in English


Introductory Activity: Application of literary terms
An Introduction to the Five-S Strategy for Passage Analysis
Applying the Five-S Strategy to Poetry Analysis
Applying the Five-S Strategy to Prose Analysis
Assessment of the Five-S Strategy for Passage Analysis

Workshop authors

Adell Nyberg teaches English at Memorial Composite High School in Stony Plain, Alberta, Canada. She was coauthor of the two editions of The AP Vertical Teams® Guide for English and has been an AP Reader in Canada and the United States for many years. Ms. Nyberg was named Teacher of the Year by the Canadian College of Teachers in 1991 and holds a Ph.D. in English curriculum, testing, and measurement.

Conni M. Shelnut, a National Board Certified Teacher, has a M.Ed. from the University of Florida and teaches AP English Language and AP English Literature at Lakeland High School in Lakeland, Florida. Named Florida English Teacher of the Year in 2002, Ms. Shelnut is also an AP English Literature Exam Reader and a College Board consultant for the Southern Region.

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