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Homepage Home > Professional Development > Workshops & Summer Institutes > Social Science & History > Pre-AP: Advanced Topics for AP Vertical Teams® in Social Studies—Developing Reading Habits

Pre-AP: Advanced Topics for AP Vertical Teams in Social Studies—Developing Reading Habits

Expand your social studies teaching skills, techniques and knowledge in this workshop

Teachers learn new strategies to develop their students' ability to read critically. The workshop is based on the premise that reading strategies improve students' essay writing by giving them a framework for developing writing proficiency.

The strategies are realized through an AP Vertical Team that spans Pre-AP and AP-level social studies classes in grades 6 through 12. Workshop topics include:

  • Reading research
  • Questioning grids
  • Main idea clusters
  • Text charting
  • Reading pods

The workshop conforms to the College Board's mission, particularly in promoting access and equity; National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) standards; and to AP social studies standards and skills.


  • Understand AP social studies standards and Pre-AP's role in developing them
  • Learn how students can improve their reading knowledge for AP Economics; AP Government and Politics: Comparative and United States; AP Human Geography; and AP United States, European, and World History
  • Learn new activities for students across grade levels
  • Master strategies critical to AP Vertical Teams in social studies, especially in reading proficiency


The Need to Develop Reading Habits
The Strategies: Questioning Grids, Main Idea Clusters, Subheadings with a Twist
Strategies Discussion: Vertical Team Curriculum and Instruction
Charting the Text
Four Square Notes
Reading Pods
Putting It All Together

Workshop author

Krista Dornbush teaches AP U.S. History, AP Government, and AP Macroeconomics at Wilson Classical High School in Long Beach, California. She is a College Board workshop leader and national trainer for AP U.S. History, AP Vertical Teams, and various Pre-AP workshops. Ms. Dornbush also wrote the 2006 AP U.S. History Student Review Guide for Kaplan.

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