SAT Data Tables
Interpreting SAT and SAT Subject Test scores
SAT Program data provide important information about test characteristics, prediction, validity, and reliability. Additionally, college-bound senior data provides insightful information about the test takers, i.e., subgroup performance, college plans and goals, and high school background.
Below is a list of data tables for use in interpreting SAT and Subject Test scores. These tables supplement the College-Bound Seniors data. These tables are available for download in PDF format.
A list of Statistical Definitions can help you to understand the statistical terms mentioned in the tables.
|SAT Percentile Ranks (.pdf/666K)|| |
These percentile tables allow comparison of students who took the test and are used to find out how students performed on the test.
|Percentile Ranks for Males, Females, and Total Group: Critical Reading (.pdf/310K)|
|Percentile Ranks for Males, Females, and Total Group: Mathematics (.pdf/334K)|
|Percentile Ranks for Males, Females, and Total Group: Writing (.pdf/645K)|
|Composite (CR+M+W) Percentile Ranks (.pdf/564K)|
|Composite (CR+M) Percentile Ranks (.pdf/490K)|
|Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing Percentile Ranks by Gender and Ethnic Groups (.pdf/376K)|
|SAT Raw Score to Scaled Score Ranges (.pdf/230K)|
|Test Characteristics (Reliability, Difficulty Levels, Completion Rates)|
|Test Characteristics of the SAT (.pdf/323K)||This table shows that the test is reliable and appropriately difficult and that a sufficient amount of time is allocated for each test section.|
|SAT Concordance to ACT|
|Other SAT Data|
|Total Group Writing Subscore Report (.pdf/31K)||This table provides a better understanding of how the total group performed on the essay and multiple-choice questions of the writing section, as broken down by both total group and ethnic groups.|
|PSAT/NMSQT® Scores (.pdf/89K)||These tables show changes in scores over time.|
|Percentage of Students with Senior Year Score Gain or Loss (.pdf/333K)|
|SAT One-Year Mean Score Changes (.pdf/230K)|
|Test Scores of Nontraditional Test-Takers (seventh- and eighth-graders and adults) (.pdf/89K)|
|Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (graph) (.pdf/153K)||Use this information to determine when a difference between two group mean scores is statistically significant—and when it is not.|
|Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (table) (.pdf/89K)|
|SAT Subject Tests|
|Subject Test Percentile Ranks (.pdf/381K)||Percentiles compare students who took the same Subject Test, and are used to find out how students performed on the test.|
|Subject Test Subscore Percentile Ranks (.pdf/312K)|
|Subject Tests in Languages—Total Score and Subscore Percentile Ranks for Students Who Studied a Language in High School (.pdf/268K)|
|Performance by Years of Study|
|Subject Tests in Languages—Performance by Years of Study (.pdf/158K)||Use this table to find out how scores change with varying levels of language instruction.|
|Subject Tests Characteristics (Reliability, Difficulty Levels, Completion Rates)|
|Test Characteristics of the SAT Subject Tests (.pdf/252K)||This table shows that Subject Tests are reliable and appropriately difficult.|