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College Board

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Scores & Reporting

How SAT scores are reported

The SAT score report contains useful information about a student's performance, including a comparison with scores of other test-takers in last year's college-bound senior class.

Score reports include a breakdown of each student's scores and information about what those scores mean. Online score reports are supplemented with other tools to help students make decisions about preparing to retest, taking high school courses, applying to college, and choosing a major.

High schools can choose from several delivery methods for individual student scores. The College Board also offers useful group reports for analysis of schoolwide and districtwide SAT performance.

How is the SAT scored?

Scoring is a two-step process:

1. A raw score is calculated.

  • One point is added for each multiple-choice question answered correctly.
  • For multiple-choice questions answered incorrectly, 1/4 point is subtracted:
    • No points are subtracted for incorrect answers to the mathematics questions requiring student-produced responses.
    • No points are subtracted for omitted questions.
  • Then, the total points answered wrong are subtracted from the number answered correctly. If the resulting score is a fraction, it is rounded to the nearest whole number—1/2 or more is rounded up; less than 1/2 is rounded down.
  • Questions in the SAT equating section do not count toward the score.

2. The raw score is converted to the College Board 200- to 800-point scaled score by a statistical process called equating.

  • Equating adjusts for slight differences in difficulty between test editions, and ensures that a student's score of, say, 450 on one edition of a test reflects the same ability as a score of 450 on another edition of the test.
  • Equating also ensures that a student's score does not depend on how well others did on the same edition of the test.

Learn more about SAT scoring

Customized Entry Pages

Related Materials

Go to the SAT Downloads and Materials Ordering page to view and print these and other related materials:

  • Guidelines for the Release of Data
  • Score Reporting Options for High Schools
  • Electronic Data Layout for High Schools
  • Score Reporting Options for Higher Ed Institutions
  • Electronic Data Layout for Higher Ed Institutions

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